NI-SI synthesis: Naatya Shastra

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NI-SI synthesis: Naatya Shastra

Post by Rashmun on Sun Jun 25, 2017 8:35 am

Odisha, on the eastern sea coast, is the home of Odissi, one of the many forms of Indian classical dance. Sensuous and lyrical, Odissi is a dance of love and passion touching on the divine and the human, the sublime and the mundane. The Natya Shastra mentions many regional varieties, such as the south-eastern style known as the Odhra Magadha which can be identified as the earliest precursor of present day Odissi....

Odissi is a highly stylised dance and to some extent is based on the classical Natya Shastra and the Abhinaya Darpana. ...

Odissi closely follows the tenets laid down by the Natya Shastra. Facial expressions, hand gestures and body movements are used to suggest a certain feeling, an emotion or one of the nine rasas...

Hand gestures play an important role both in nritta where they are used only as decorative embellishments and in nritya where they are used for communication.


http://ccrtindia.gov.in/odissi.php


Last edited by Rashmun on Sun Jun 25, 2017 8:40 am; edited 1 time in total

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Re: NI-SI synthesis: Naatya Shastra

Post by Rashmun on Sun Jun 25, 2017 8:37 am

Natya or Dance is one of the main branch of Fine Arts. Bharat Natyam is also one of the most popular dance form and it is a way of worshipping the lord. It can be considered as a combination of mythological, historical, cultural and sociological heritage and traditionally passed on to posterity. Dance in any form gives lot of happiness to the performer as well as the audience who enjoy it with involvement. It is accepted universally as a major performing art form which has music , rhythm, expressions and emotions.

“ Natya Sastra “ was written by the sage Bharatha Muni about 2000 years ago. Bharat Natyam incorporates most of the rules specified in the Natya Sastra.


Hence the name “Bharat Natyam”. It is one of the oldest form of dance and it is proven that it has therapeutically lot of benefits to the human body. Each movement in Bharat natyam is well defined and gives benefits to the system.

Bharata Natyam has an important place in our Indian culture. Bharat Natyam incorporates major three forms of arts in it. The Nataka, Natya and Sangeetha.

What we call as Iyal, Isai and Natakam. The Natya Sastra explains various aspects of theatrical arts, dance, drama and music. Bhatat Natyam equllay involves dance and music. Over the period of time Bharat Natyam has evolved and has taken various interesting improvisations and creative additions to it by many eminent artists, who have contributed their life time for this wonderful art.

The main three aspects of Bharatanatyam are: Nritta, Nritya and Natya.

Nritta is rhythmical.
Natya is the dramatic art, and is a language of gestures, poses and mime
Nritya is a combination of Nritta and Natya

The term Bharata Natyam is codified by taking the initial syllables of Bhava (Expressions), Raga (Music) and Tala (Rhythm).


http://www.bhavalaya.com/art%20and%20culture/bharat_natyam.html

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Re: NI-SI synthesis: Naatya Shastra

Post by Rashmun on Sun Jun 25, 2017 8:49 am

Kathak is one of the main genres of ancient Indian classical dance and is traditionally regarded to have originated from the travelling bards of North India referred as Kathakars or storytellers. These Kathakars wandered around and communicated legendary stories via music, dance and songs quite like the early Greek theatre. The genre developed during the Bhakti movement, the trend of theistic devotion which evolved in medieval Hinduism. The Kathakars communicate stories through rhythmic foot movements, hand gestures, facial expressions and eye work...

The roots of this dance form trace back to Sanskrit Hindu text on performing arts called ‘Natya Shastra’ written by ancient Indian theatrologist and musicologist Bharata Muni. It is presumed that the first complete version of the text was completed between 200 BCE to 200 CE, but some sources mention the timeframe to be around 500 BCE and 500 CE. Thousands of verses structured in different chapters are found in the text that divides dance in two particular forms, namely ‘nrita’ that is pure dance which comprise of finesse of hand movements and gestures, and ‘nritya’ that is solo expressive dance that focuses on expressions....

This ancient classical dance form that was majorly associated with Hindu epics was well acknowledged by the courts and nobles of the Mughal period. The dance performed in Mughal courts however adapted a more erotic form without having much reference to particular themes applied earlier that communicated religious or spiritual concepts. Improvisations were made by the dancers predominantly to entertain the Muslim audience with sensuous and sexual performances which although were different from the age-old dancing concept but contained a subtle message in it like the love of Radha-Krishna. Eventually Central Asian and Persian themes became a part of its repertoire. These included replacements of sari with a costume that bared midriff, adding a transparent veil in the costume that typified the ones wore by medieval Harem dancers and whirling while performing as done in Sufi dance. By the time the colonial European officials arrived in India, Kathak already became famed as a court entertainment and was more of a fusion of ancient Indian classical dance form and Persian-Central Asian dance forms with the dancers being referred as ‘nautch girls’....

The progress of the Indian freedom movement in the early 20th century saw an effort among Indians to revive national culture and tradition and rediscover the rich history of India in order to resurrect the very essence of the nation. The revival movement of Kathak developed both in the Hindu and Muslim gharanas simultaneously, especially in the Kathak-Mishra community. Kalkaprasad Maharaj played an instrumental role in drawing international viewership of Kathak in the early 20th century.    

The three main sections of a Kathak dance are invocation and ‘Nritta’ and ‘Nritya’ mentioned in ‘Natya Shastra’ and followed by all major Indian classical dance forms. In the invocation part the dancer offers respect to her guru and musicians onstage and invocation to Hindu gods and goddesses through mudras or hand gestures and facial expressions if the group follows Hindu tradition. In case of Muslim groups, the dancer gives a salami or salutation. ‘Nritta represents pure dance where the dancer initially performs a thath sequence exhibiting elegant and slow movements of eyebrows, neck and wrists following which she slowly ups her speed and energy in multiples as she completes a sequence of bol. Each bol comprising of short sections includes spectacular footwork, turns and gestures encompassing tora, tukra, parhant and paran among others. She performs to the musical beats and tempos, perfectly synchronizing her footwork sequences called tatkars, thus creating a rhythmic sound with the ghunghru, and usually mark completion of each sequence with a sharp turn of head. In ‘Nritya’ the dancer communicates a story, spiritual themes, message or feelings through expressive gestures and slower body movements harmonised with musical notes and vocals.

http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-dance/classical/kathak.html

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Re: NI-SI synthesis: Naatya Shastra

Post by Rashmun on Sun Jun 25, 2017 8:50 am

Rashmun wrote:Natya or Dance is one of the main branch of Fine Arts. Bharat Natyam is also one of the most popular dance form and it is a way of worshipping the lord. It can be considered as a combination of mythological, historical, cultural and sociological heritage and traditionally passed on to posterity. Dance in any form gives lot of happiness to the performer as well as the audience who enjoy it with involvement. It is accepted universally as a major performing art form which has music , rhythm, expressions and emotions.

“ Natya Sastra “ was written by the sage Bharatha Muni about 2000 years ago. Bharat Natyam incorporates most of the rules specified in the Natya Sastra.


Hence the name “Bharat Natyam”. It is one of the oldest form of dance and it is proven that it has therapeutically lot of benefits to the human body. Each movement in Bharat natyam is well defined and gives benefits to the system.

Bharata Natyam has an important place in our Indian culture. Bharat Natyam incorporates major three forms of arts in it. The Nataka, Natya and Sangeetha.

What we call as Iyal, Isai and Natakam. The Natya Sastra explains various aspects of theatrical arts, dance, drama and music. Bhatat Natyam equllay involves dance and music. Over the period of time Bharat Natyam has evolved and has taken various interesting improvisations and creative additions to it by many eminent artists, who have contributed their life time for this wonderful art.

The main three aspects of Bharatanatyam are: Nritta, Nritya and Natya.

Nritta is rhythmical.
Natya is the dramatic art, and is a language of gestures, poses and mime
Nritya is a combination of Nritta and Natya

The term Bharata Natyam is codified by taking the initial syllables of Bhava (Expressions), Raga (Music) and Tala (Rhythm).


http://www.bhavalaya.com/art%20and%20culture/bharat_natyam.html

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